In 1772, Father Junipero Serra founded the Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa in a picturesque region of California's Central Coast. Before the mission was established, the San Luis Obispo area had been home to two native peoples for many years: the Salinan and the Chumash. As was common during the colonization of the United States, the native population dwindled, but today the descendents of the Salinan and Chumash still live on the Central Coast.

After the Mexican annexation of California in 1822, the San Luis area became home to various government officials and Army officers. The Mission churches themselves were neglected, but the vistas became homes for Mexicans with status at the time. Economy was primarily based on cattle ranching. The Golden Age of Mexican control on the Central Coast was ended by the Gold Rush, which drew people north to the San Francisco area. San Luis became something of a ghost town for a while; those left on the relatively isolated Central Coast tended to be violent miscreants. To combat the criminal element, Walter Murray formed the Committee of Vigilance in 1858.

The United States began to establish a foothold in San Luis in 1869, when Murray started the San Luis Obispo Tribune newspaper. More extensive development of the area began, and soon people began to look to the ocean for a means of increasing commerce. Ports and lighthouses were constructed, and the region's economy improved further. More people moved to the region, especially following the extension of the Southern Pacific Railroad into the Central Coast. In 1901, the California Polytechnic School was founded; today, this school lives on as the California Polytechnic State University.

One of the distinguishing characteristics of the San Luis Obispo area is its flexibility of production and diversity of resources. San Luis was able to switch gears from cattle farming to navy bean production during World War I. When that war ended, dairy and seed farming increased. During World War II, the San Luis area was selected by the War Department as a good location for military training camps. Many military families ended up staying in the region after the war.

Today, the town of San Luis Obispo has a population of around 44,000. It is a popular tourist spot, due to its natural beauty and old-fashioned character. Several Hollywood productions have been filmed in the region, including The Sheik, The Ten Commandments, and Diamond Jim Brady in the 1920s, and Murder by Numbers more recently.

Though San Luis is fairly small, there is a great deal of architectural diversity. Buildings from the 1800s still stand downtown, but these are nestled between Victoria's Secret and Barnes & Noble. The Cal Poly campus is itself a bizarre collage of structures left over from the institution's days as a vocational school and more modern, experimental buildings designed by students. In the outskirts of the town, you will find larger department stores adjacent to farmland. There is a constant battle on behalf of many locals to maintain San Luis Obispo's charm and character; this resistance of "corporate invasion" sometimes gets surprisingly violent. A Carl's Jr. fast food restaurant was forced out of downtown in the year 2000; rocks were thrown through its windows, and the building was vandalized. Since nobody really bothered the Gap downtown, one can only assume that the fast food place was singled out as some sort of symbol.

Every Thursday evening, downtown San Luis Obispo is filled with the sights, sounds, and smells of the large Farmer's Market. Here, you can sample local produce and browse the many shops as you and your friends try not to get trampled by the sizable crowd milling about the streets. College students spend a lot of time downtown; both at the market and at any of the numerous bars. San Luis is not "high tech"; the options for entertainment are somewhat limited. You have to make your own fun, and deal with the occasional smell of fresh manure drifting on the wind near the college.

The atmosphere in San Luis is one of both cheerful bustle and languid dream-walking. The people are colorful; there are a number of known "characters" that frequent the downtown area and transit system. There are artists painting in the parks, and musicians weaving tunes in front of the fountains. Except for the occasional serial murderer, San Luis seems almost idyllic.

Many students who attend Cal Poly dream of staying in San Luis after completing their degree. My boyfriend and I certainly did; we fought leaving until the very last minute, when we ran out of money! There is a strange sort of magnetism in San Luis Obispo; for me, it always seems easier to be myself in a small town. Unfortunately, there is not much work for engineers in the San Luis area; however, there are plenty of opportunities in the medical and agricultural industries. Cal Poly churns out a large percentage of engineers, but most of them end up leaving for either the North (near San Francisco and San Jose) or the South (near Los Angeles).

I will probably continue to be a tourist in San Luis from time to time. Though I only lived there for two and a half years, it felt more like home than anywhere else I'd ever been. It is my sincere hope that the town is able to find a balance between preserving its past and providing for its future.


References:

http://www.ci.san-luis-obispo.ca.us/history.asp
My own experience living in San Luis

Log in or registerto write something here or to contact authors.