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30:1 The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, even the prophecy: the man spake unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal, 30:2 Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the understanding of a man.
30:3 I neither learned wisdom, nor have the knowledge of the holy.
30:4 Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son's name, if thou canst tell? 30:5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.
30:6 Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.
30:7 Two things have I required of thee; deny me them not before I die: 30:8 Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me: 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.
30:10 Accuse not a servant unto his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty.
30:11 There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother.
30:12 There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness.
30:13 There is a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up.
30:14 There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from among men.
30:15 The horseleach hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough: 30:16 The grave; and the barren womb; the earth that is not filled with water; and the fire that saith not, It is enough.
30:17 The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.
30:18 There be three things which are too wonderful for me, yea, four which I know not: 30:19 The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.
30:20 Such is the way of an adulterous woman; she eateth, and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done no wickedness.
30:21 For three things the earth is disquieted, and for four which it cannot bear: 30:22 For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with meat; 30:23 For an odious woman when she is married; and an handmaid that is heir to her mistress.
30:24 There be four things which are little upon the earth, but they are exceeding wise: 30:25 The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the summer; 30:26 The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make they their houses in the rocks; 30:27 The locusts have no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands; 30:28 The spider taketh hold with her hands, and is in kings' palaces.
30:29 There be three things which go well, yea, four are comely in going: 30:30 A lion which is strongest among beasts, and turneth not away for any; 30:31 A greyhound; an he goat also; and a king, against whom there is no rising up.
30:32 If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, lay thine hand upon thy mouth.
30:33 Surely the churning of milk bringeth forth butter, and the wringing of the nose bringeth forth blood: so the forcing of wrath bringeth forth strife.


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Everything King James Bible:Proverbs
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Proverbs
Book: Proverbs
Chapter: 30

Overview:


1-6 Agur speaks of himself as wanting a Righteousness, and
having done very foolishly. And it becomes us all to have low
thoughts of ourselves. He speaks of himself as wanting
Revelation to guide him in the ways of Truth and Wisdom. The
more enlightened people are, the more they lament their
ignorance; the more they pray for clearer, still clearer
discoveries of God, and his rich Grace in Christ Jesus. In ver.

4, there is a prophetic notice of Him who came down from
Heaven to be our Instructor and Saviour, and then ascended into
Heaven to be our Advocate. The Messiah is here spoken of as a
Person distinct from the Father, but his name as yet secret. The
great Redeemer, in the glories of his Providence and Grace,
cannot be found out to Perfection. Had it not been for Christ,
the foundations of the Earth had sunk under the load of the
Curse upon the ground, for Man's Sin. Who, and what is the
mighty One that doeth all this? There is not the least ground to
suspect anything wanting in the Word of God; adding to his words
opens the way to errors and corruptions.

7-9 Agur wisely prayed for a middle state, that he might be
kept at a distance from temptations; he asked daily Bread suited
to his station, his family, and his real good. There is a
remarkable similarity between this Prayer and several clauses of
the Lord's Prayer. If we are removed from vanity and lies; if we
are interested in the pardoning Love of Christ, and have him for
our portion; if we walk with God, then we shall have all we can
ask or think, as to spiritual things. When we consider how those
who have abundance are prone to abuse the Gift, and what it is
to suffer want, Agur's Prayer will ever be found a Wise one,
though seldom offered. Food convenient; what is So for one, may
not be So for another; but we may be sure that our heavenly
Father will supply all our need, and not suffer us to want
anything good for us; and why should we wish for more?

10 Slander not a servant to his master, accuse him not in small
matters, to make mischief. 11-14. In every Age there are
monsters of ingratitude who ill-treat their parents. Many
persuade themselves they are holy persons, whose hearts are full
of Sin, and who practise secret wickedness. There are others
whose lofty pride is manifest. There have also been cruel
monsters in every Age. 15-17. Cruelty and Covetousness are two
daughters of the horseleech, that still cry, "Give, give," and
they are continually uneasy to themselves. Four things never are
satisfied, to which these devourers are compared. Those are
never rich that are always coveting. And many who have come to a
bad End, have owned that their wicked Courses began By despising
their parents' authority. 18-20. Four things cannot be fully
known. The kingdom of nature is full of marvels. The fourth is a
Mystery of iniquity; the cursed arts By which a vile seducer
gains the affections of a female; and the arts which a vile
Woman uses to conceal her wickedness. 21-23 Four sorts of
persons are very troublesome. Men of low origin and base Spirit,
who, getting authority, become tyrants. Foolish and violent men
indulging in excesses. A Woman of a contentious Spirit and
vicious habits. A servant who has obtained undue influence. Let
those whom Providence has advanced from low beginnings,
carefully watch against that Sin which most easily besets them.

24-28. Four things that are little, are yet to be admired.
There are those who are Poor in the world, and of small account,
yet Wise for their souls and another world. 29-33. We may
learn from animals to go Well; also to keep our temper under all
provocations. We must keep the evil thought in our minds from
breaking out into evil speeches. We must not stir up the
passions of others. Let nothing be said or done with violence,
but every thing with softness and calmness. Alas, how often have
we done foolishly in rising up against the Lord our King! Let us
humble ourselves before him. And having found peace with Him,
let us follow peace with all men.

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