There are many names for the full moon
depending on when in the year it occurs. It has been common in many traditions
and parts of the world to name the full moon
to identify it as the moon that watches over a particular place in the seasons, and that is why there are so many different names for one simple recurring astronomical phenomenon
. Some will list by the month
, calling any second moon
that falls in a single month a "Blue Moon
." Here are some examples:
January: Wolf Moon, Quiet Moon, Snow Moon, Cold Moon, Chaste Moon, Disting Moon, Moon of Little Winter, Old Moon, Moon After Yule.
February: Ice Moon, Storm Moon, Horning Moon, Hunger Moon, Wild Moon, Red and Cleansing Moon, Quickening Moon, Solmonath (Sun Moon), Big Winter Moon, Snow Moon, Bony Moon.
March: Storm Moon, Seed Moon, Moon of Winds, Plow Moon, Worm Moon, Hrethmonath (Hertha's Moon), Lentzinmanoth (Renewal Moon), Lenting Moon, Sap Moon, Crow Moon, Moon of the Snowblind, Windy Moon, Lenten Moon, Crow Moon, Crust Moon, Chaste Moon.
April: Growing Moon, Hare Moon, Seed Moon, Planting Moon, Planter's Moon, Budding Trees Moon, Eastermonath (Eoster Month), Ostarmanoth, Pink Moon, Green Grass Moon, Grass Moon, Flower Moon, Egg Moon, Moon of the Red Grass Appearing.
May: Hare Moon, Merry Moon, Fright Moon, Flower Moon, Frogs Return Moon, Thrimilcmonath (Thrice-Milk Month), Sproutkale, Winnemonoth (Joy Month), Planting Moon, Moon When the Ponies Shed, Milk Moon, Dyad Moon.
June: Mead Moon, Moon of Horses, Lovers' Moon, Strong Sun Moon, Honey Moon, Aerra Litha (Before Litha), Brachmanoth (Break Month), Strawberry Moon, Rose Moon, Moon of Making Fat, Green Moon, Corn Moon, Flower Moon, Dyad Moon.
July: Hay Moon, Wort Moon, Moon of Claiming, Moon of Blood, Blessing Moon, Maedmonat (Meadow Month), Hewimanoth (Hay Month), Fallow Moon, Buck Moon, Thunder Moon, Ripe Moon, Corn Moon, Mead Moon.
August: Corn Moon, Barley Moon, Dispute Moon, Weodmonath (Vegetation Month), Harvest Moon, Moon When Cherries Turn Black, Green Moon, Fruit Moon, Grain Moon, Sturgeon Moon.
September: Harvest Moon, Wine Moon, Singing Moon, Sturgeon Moon, Haligmonath (Holy Month), Witumanoth (Wood Month), Moon When Deer Paw the Earth, Fruit Moon, Nut Moon, Barley Moon.
October: Blood Moon, Harvest Moon, Shedding Moon, Winterfelleth (Winter Coming), Windermanoth (Vintage Month), Falling Leaf Moon, Ten Colds Moon, Moon of the Changing Season, Hunter's Moon.
November: Snow Moon, Dark Moon, Fog Moon, Beaver Moon, Mourning Moon, Blotmonath (Sacrifice Month), Herbistmonoth (Harvest Month), Mad Moon, Moon of Storms, Moon When Deer Shed Antlers, Frost Moon, Trading Moon, Hunter's Moon.
December: Cold Moon, Oak Moon, Moon of Long Nights, Long Night's Moon, Wintermonat (Winter Month), Heilagmonoth (Holy Month), Big Winter Moon, Moon of Popping Trees, Long Nights Moon, Snow Moon, Moon Before Yule.
Some others count the moons in each season and then assign them names. There will be three full moons allotted to each season, so the first moon's name will go to the first full moon; the second moon's name will go to the second full moon; and the third moon's name will go to the last full moon. This means that if there are four full moons in a season, the third is given the name "blue moon," because if there was no "fill in" moon the placement would be out of order, and for instance the "Moon after Yule" might come after Yule! Here are some examples, these vary:
First winter moon: Moon after Yule
Second winter moon: Wolf Moon
Last winter moon: Lenten Moon
First spring moon: Egg, Easter, or Paschal Moon
Second spring moon: Milk Moon
Last spring moon: Flower Moon
First summer moon: Hay Moon
Second summer moon: Grain Moon
Last summer moon: Fruit Moon
First autumn moon: Harvest Moon
Second autumn moon: Hunter's Moon
Last autumn moon: Moon before Yule
Credit to Richard Minutillo (http://www.fabandpp.org/cotm/moons.htm) and A Witch's Cauldron (http://www.pathcom.com/~newmoon/month.htm) for some of my research and whatnot.