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History for January 1:
1772 - First traveller's checks are issued in London.
1804 - Haiti gains its independence.
1863 - Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln.
1892 - Brooklyn merged with New York to form present City of New York.
1892 - Ellis Island became the reception center for new immigrants.
1902 - First Rose Bowl game held in Pasadena, California.
1912 - First running of San Francisco's famed "Bay to Breakers" race.
1913 - Post office begins parcel post deliveries
1934 - Alcatraz Island officially becomes a Federal Prison.
1934 - Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (US bank guarantees) first become effective.
1936 - First newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
1948 - First newsreel in color, Pasadena, California
1954 - The Rose and Cotton Bowl are the first sport colorcasts
1956 - Sudan gains its independence.
1958 - European Economic Community (EEC) starts operation.
1962 - Beatles Decca audition
1971 - Cigarette advertisements banned on TV
1984 - AT&T broken up into 8 companies.
1735 - Paul Revere, US patriot. "The British are coming!"
1745 - General Anthony Wayne, military leader ("Mad Anthony")
1752 - Betsy Ross, American flagmaker
1895 - J. Edgar Hoover, Mr FBI
1900 - Xavier Cugat, bandleader
1909 - Barry Goldwater, U.S. Senator
1909 - Dana Andrews, Actor
1909 - John Glenn, astronaut
1911 - Hank Greenberg - Detroit Tiger Hall of Famer
1919 - Carole Landis
1919 - J. D. Salinger, author of 'Catcher in the Rye.'