has detailed above is quite true for the US
as well. It's an excellent writeup. I'd like to add a few points, though:
Disclaimer: below I have written suggestions, which have worked for me and are your sole responsibility for implementing if you choose to do so. If you get yourself killed following my advice, it's because of your own stupidity. Don't let common sense be overridden by anything I may tell you.
Get out there
(The comments in this section are for streets without bike lanes)
Use your space, as above. Keep up your visibility.
- If traffic is moving at a speed you can cycle at:, then take the lane. It may piss off a few drivers who are upset to see a "slow" bicycle in front of them, but if you can move along with traffic, it's safer to do so, and in reality no inconvenience for motorists. It increases your visibility, and thus drivers' awareness of you.
- If traffic is too fast to keep up with and there's a wide shoulder:, ride on the shoulder, but not close to the edge. Again, the idea is to keep up drivers' awareness of you, "lowly" cyclist that you be.
- If traffic is too fast and there's not a shoulder: It's inadvisable to cycle on street with fast traffic and no shoulder or bike lane. Find an alternate route: calmer streets, wider streets, or streets with bike lanes. If you can't find an alternate route, take a whole lane. It's going to greatly upset motorists, but hey, tough shit, they can pass you in the other lane, or simply wait. It's simply not safe to ride wedged in a tiny space between traffic and edge of road.
Get an attitude
- Know you're a vehicle; make sure motorists know it too. Follow the rules of the road as they apply to cars, except in cases where there are legal exceptions for cyclists (can ride in bike lane, no bikes on freeways, &c.).
- Stay safe and remember that he who doesn't yield has right of way, don't get yourself smashed up over a disagreement over traffic rules. That said, know your rights, and assert them. When it's your turn to go, don't be hesitant unless you have reason to suspect that someone's going to run into you.
- By "Get an attitude", I don't mean a bad attitude. Don't force your way through every situation, sending cars screeching to a halt. Simply think to yourself, "I'm a cyclist, I'm driving a vehicle, and I'm out there to share the road as others share it with me." If you go about cycling with this idea, your confidence will exude, your posture will change, you will subconciously make yourself visible, and other drivers will see you. This is very important.
Get off the sidewalk
Many times have I seen cyclists
riding on the sidewalk
. Okay, here's the thing, please don't fucking do this.
Riding on the sidewalk
is extremely dangerous
and should only be done very carefully
and in extraordinary circumstances
When I was taking my First Aid class with the Red Cross last May, they showed a video where a father and daughter were biking on the sidewalk together through a neighborhood. The first aid scenario begins when the daughter comes off the sidewalk into a crosswalk at some 10 MPH, and gets hit by a car. This is because:
- Pedestrians get very little respect from drivers, who expect them to go at two miles per hour and to always cede right of way. If you are on a bicycle on the sidewalk, motorists won't give a shit about you.
- Sidewalks make you much less visible. The closer you are to the center of the road, the higher your visibility, and the farther away the point drivers can see you from. The lack of visibilty is especially important, when given that:
- Bicyclists are a LOT faster than pedestrians. Drivers expect things on sidewalks to be moving at, well, sidewalk speed: walking speed. If you're going 10 miles per hour along the sidewalk, you're going to seemingly appear out of nowhere. The drivers won't have enough time to react, and are likely to be startled.
- Finally, sidewalks are cluttered. Riding on the sidewalk is not only unsafe for you, but also for your friend the pedestrian. Sidewalks are meant to be a safe pedestrian zone, and people walking on them don't expect anything moving faster than the occasional runner. Peds, in general, swerve about, stop suddenly, and are generally unaware of their surroundings, which, when combined with vehicles (bikes) moving 10-20 MPH, can result in nasty crashes. In fact, most cities ban bikes on sidewalks in the downtown areas, and some cities ban cycling on any sidewalk.
If you must ride on a sidewalk, do so with great caution. Yield to pedestrians, who have ultimate right of way. If the sidewalk is crowded, get off and walk. Go slow: no faster than about 6-7 MPH. Stop at intersections, make sure that motorists see you, and behave like a pedestrian: you have the same legal rights and responsibilities as one when you're on the sidewalk.
Get in the bike lane
If there's a bike lane
, ride in it
. It's a lot safer, it allows you to safely
pass cars on the right, and it's what it's there for. There are, however, exceptions to this:
- Obstacles:If there's broken glass, construction signs, debris, dead donkeys, or whatever else in the bike lane, you can leave the lane to avoid the obstacle. Look to your left, signal, change lanes, and then change back when you are past the obstacle in question.
- Passing: If there's a slow cyclist in the bike lane, overtake them. Again, signal your lane change out of the bike lane, speed up past the slow cyclist, and return to the bike lane.
- Turning: This is very important. Don't turn left from a bike lane on the right. Use turn lanes if they exist, otherwise just get in the leftmost lane. Do this ahead of the turn, as a car would, and signal your lane changes.
I hope that this find itself useful in your minds and hearts. Be safe, have fun, and go forth and cycle!