The Unicode Alphabetic Presentation Forms code block contains Latin, Armenian and Hebrew characters which are ligatures or alternate representations which exist in legacy encodings. This means they are compatibility characters needed for successful round trip translation to some character sets.

It is generally recommended that implementations store characters in unligated form, and leave the production of ligatures to the display or formatting software.


Unicode's Alphabetic Presentation Forms code block reserves the 80 code points from U+FB00 to U+FB4F, of which 58 are currently assigned.

CJK Compatibility Ideographs <-- Alphabetic Presentation Forms --> Arabic Presentation Forms A

Number of characters added in each version of the Unicode standard :
Unicode 1.1 : 57
Unicode 3.0 : 1

Number of characters in each General Category :

Letter, Lowercase  Ll : 12
Letter, Other      Lo : 44
Mark, Non-Spacing  Mn :  1
Symbol, Math       Sm :  1

Number of characters in each Bidirectional Category :

Left To Right                L : 12
Right To Left                R : 44
European Number Separator   ES :  1
Non Spacing Mark           NSM :  1

The columns below should be interpreted as :

  1. The Unicode code for the character
  2. The character in question
  3. The Unicode name for the character
  4. The Unicode General Category for the character
  5. The Unicode Bidirectional Category for the character
  6. The Unicode version when this character was added

If the characters below show up poorly, or not at all, see Unicode Support for possible solutions.

 

Alphabetic Presentation Forms

     Latin ligatures
See the Basic Latin block starting at 0020

U+FB00   ff   Latin small ligature ff Ll L 1.1
sgml &fflig;
U+FB01   fi   Latin small ligature fi Ll L 1.1
sgml &filig;
U+FB02   fl   Latin small ligature fl Ll L 1.1
sgml &fllig;
U+FB03   ffi   Latin small ligature ffi Ll L 1.1
sgml &ffilig;
U+FB04   ffl   Latin small ligature ffl Ll L 1.1
sgml &ffllig;
U+FB05   ſt   Latin small ligature long s t Ll L 1.1
U+FB06   st   Latin small ligature st Ll L 1.1

     Armenian ligatures
See the Armenian block starting at 0530

U+FB13   ﬓ   Armenian small ligature men now Ll L 1.1
U+FB14   ﬔ   Armenian small ligature men ech Ll L 1.1
U+FB15   ﬕ   Armenian small ligature men ini Ll L 1.1
U+FB16   ﬖ   Armenian small ligature vew now Ll L 1.1
U+FB17   ﬗ   Armenian small ligature men xeh Ll L 1.1

     Hebrew presentation forms
See the Hebrew block starting at 0590

U+FB1D   יִ   Hebrew letter yod with hiriq Lo R 3.0
U+FB1E   ﬞ   Hebrew point judeo spanish varika Mn NSM 1.1
* a glyph variant of 05BF
U+FB1F   ײַ   Hebrew ligature yiddish yod yod patah Lo R 1.1
U+FB20   ﬠ   Hebrew letter alternative ayin Lo R 1.1
* this form of AYIN has no descender, for use with marks placed below the letter
U+FB21   ﬡ   Hebrew letter wide alef Lo R 1.1
U+FB22   ﬢ   Hebrew letter wide dalet Lo R 1.1
U+FB23   ﬣ   Hebrew letter wide he Lo R 1.1
U+FB24   ﬤ   Hebrew letter wide kaf Lo R 1.1
U+FB25   ﬥ   Hebrew letter wide lamed Lo R 1.1
U+FB26   ﬦ   Hebrew letter wide final mem Lo R 1.1
U+FB27   ﬧ   Hebrew letter wide resh Lo R 1.1
U+FB28   ﬨ   Hebrew letter wide tav Lo R 1.1
U+FB29   ﬩   Hebrew letter alternative plus sign Sm ES 1.1
U+FB2A   שׁ   Hebrew letter shin with shin dot Lo R 1.1
U+FB2B   שׂ   Hebrew letter shin with sin dot Lo R 1.1
U+FB2C   שּׁ   Hebrew letter shin with dagesh and shin dot Lo R 1.1
U+FB2D   שּׂ   Hebrew letter shin with dagesh and sin dot Lo R 1.1
U+FB2E   אַ   Hebrew letter alef with patah Lo R 1.1
U+FB2F   אָ   Hebrew letter alef with qamats Lo R 1.1
U+FB30   אּ   Hebrew letter alef with mapiq Lo R 1.1
U+FB31   בּ   Hebrew letter bet with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB32   גּ   Hebrew letter gimel with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB33   דּ   Hebrew letter dalet with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB34   הּ   Hebrew letter he with mapiq Lo R 1.1
U+FB35   וּ   Hebrew letter vav with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB36   זּ   Hebrew letter zayin with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB38   טּ   Hebrew letter tet with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB39   יּ   Hebrew letter yod with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB3A   ךּ   Hebrew letter final kaf with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB3B   כּ   Hebrew letter kaf with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB3C   לּ   Hebrew letter lamed with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB3E   מּ   Hebrew letter mem with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB40   נּ   Hebrew letter nun with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB41   סּ   Hebrew letter samekh with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB43   ףּ   Hebrew letter final pe with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB44   פּ   Hebrew letter pe with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB46   צּ   Hebrew letter tsadi with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB47   קּ   Hebrew letter qof with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB48   רּ   Hebrew letter resh with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB49   שּ   Hebrew letter shin with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB4A   תּ   Hebrew letter tav with dagesh Lo R 1.1
U+FB4B   וֹ   Hebrew letter vav with holam Lo R 1.1
U+FB4C   בֿ   Hebrew letter bet with rafe Lo R 1.1
U+FB4D   כֿ   Hebrew letter kaf with rafe Lo R 1.1
U+FB4E   פֿ   Hebrew letter pe with rafe Lo R 1.1
U+FB4F   ﭏ   Hebrew ligature alef lamed Lo R 1.1

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