Taif is Arabic for encompassing or circling. It is a tourist destination in Saudi Arabia. Saudi is mostly composed of desert and lacks any natural parks or national attractions. It is part of the Hijaz mountain chains located at the west of the Arabian peninsula. It takes about 2 hours to drive from Jeddah to Taif.

Because of its high altitude compared with the rest of the hot desert, its climate ranges from 80-90F degrees in summer and cool winters of 40F.

Monkeys inhabit the area in huge numbers and are known to be friendly towards people.

Population: 300,000. May double during summer since it is a huge tourist destination in Saudi Arabia.

Highest elevation: 6000 feet (1800 meters).