The word labyrinth comes from Greek Mythology. The word comes from the greek root, labrys, meaning double-ax. The double-ax referred to the Minoan dynasty of ancient Crete. The labyrinth was devised by Daedalus to house the minotaur.

Labyrinth also refers to an organ found in some species of fish. These fish are of the Anabantid family and include bettas, gouramis, and paradise fish. The labyrinth organ is used by the fish to breathe gaseous air due to their natural environments of stagnant water that contains little or no dissolved oxygen. The labyrinth is named such because the organ is very maze-like to capture the air for absorption into the bloodstream.