An organization formed 1817 that freed black American Slaves and took them to Liberia to establish a new life. The Society provided them with housing and food for six months while they built their own houses and planted their own crops. By 1867, the society had sent more than 13,000 emigrants.
"The usual pattern of reaction was initial enthusiasm for the new land and the new life; then, as the novelty wore off and disease began to make its inroads, disillusionment and homesickness became prevalent. Many died during this time of trial. But of those who survived the first year in Africa, most succeeded in achieving a tolerable existence and a few found a degree of success and happiness exceeding anything known by their black friends and relatives in America."

Bell I. Wiley, Slaves No More: Letters from Liberia