H H H rotation \ H H
| \ / ========== | |
C--------C \ C---------C
/ \ | / \ / \
H H H H H H H
It is hard to show the real angles that exist in the ethane molecule as the hydrogen
atoms on each carbon are pointing out somewhat at each end. In any case, one of the most interesting things about the ethane molecule is that the carbon-carbon bond
will rotate so the hydrogen atoms can line up or not. This is in contrast with ethene
since the double and triple covalent bond
s do not rotate.
Ethane is the base for ethanol
or common alcohol
) and a number of refrigerant
s when combined with halogen
Chemistry: Experiment and Theory by Bernice Segal
Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 74th Edition, David Lide, editor-in-chief.