Interestingly enough, the Shetland Islands were under Norwegian rule until Norway succumbed to Denmark in the fifteenth century. The new rulers didn't hold the islands in such high regard as the Norweigans, so when the daughter of King Christian I of Norway and Denmark married the Scottish King James III in 1468, the Shetland Islands were offered as part of her dowry, with the remainder to be paid in cash. King Christian soon realised was unable to scrape together enough money to pay the balance of the dowry, so he turned the Orkney Islands over to Scotland in the following year.

On a legal note, the transaction of these islands was never formally completed, so, technically, they still belong to Norway. The question of ownership was last reviewed in 1667, without resolution.