The Redlich-Kwong equation
, J. N. S. Kwong
1949) is a cubic equation of state
loosely modeled after the van der Waals
. However, there is no particular theoretical basis behind the
modifications that were adopted.
The Redlich-Kwong equation has been used extensively, and
has been the basis for several succesful modified forms (such as the
Soave equation). Nevertheless, it is currently considered that
modifying the Redlich-Kwong equation has reached the point of
diminishing returns, and alternative methods to improving equations of
state have to be developed.
The equation can NOT be used for liquid phase systems, or
vapor-liquid equilibria. The advantages of the Redlich-Kwong
equation are that it is a relatively simple equation, and that it
does not require much information about the substance or the components
of a mixture.
The basic form of the Redlich-Kwong equation is:
(P + a/ (T½ V (V + b)) (V - b) = RT
The constants a and b can be given in terms of
critical constants, Tc and Pc:
a = 0.42748 R2Tc2.5 / Pc
a = 0.08664 RTc / Pc
Otto Redlich, J. N. S. Kwong, Chem. Rev., vol. 44, pp. 233-244, 1949.