John William Strutt, third Baron Rayleigh. British physicist, b. 1842, d. 1919. He suffered from poor health for most of his life. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, in mathematics.

Because he was part of the nobility of Great Britain, he had to devote some of his time to running his estate. However, science remained a large part of his life, even from his family seat. He worked at both Cambridge and the Royal Institute of Great Britain.

Lord Rayleigh's research interests covered almost all of the field of physics. He was a careful experimentalist.

He won the 1904 Nobel Prize

"for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies"

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