Anthrobiotics contain specific strains of live microorganisms from families of bacteria with scientifically studied health benefits relating to digestion, immune function, and even microbiome balance. Anthrobiotics differ from probiotics due to advanced microbiological and molecular genomic sequencing that identify specific strains of bacteria, whereas probiotics stop at the bacteria species level. Specific strains of bacteria are targeted based on specific health benefits for humans and typically focus on bacteria that supports immune health and for an environment of balanced gut flora within the digestive system.

Anthrobiotics is a composite of the [Latin\ preposition anthro, meaning ‘human’ and the Greek adjective βιωτικός (biōtikos), meaning ‘pertaining to the health of, or life’ the latter deriving from the noun βίος (bios), meaning 'life'.