in which inflection
plays a minor role -- although no language is purely
analytic. The key feature of an analytic language is that it relies on word order
to clarify the relationships between words, rather than word-modifying morphemes
. The opposite is a synthetic language
Among the primary synthetic constructions in English is the possessive modifier that allows us to say "The dog's dinner" rather than "The dinner of the dog." Indeed, French lacks for such a modifier, and so this must be expressed as "Le dîner du chien." I'm far from fluent, mind, so please correct me.
Examples of largely analytic languages are Chinese, English and French.