A legal exercise usually practiced by students in Law School. It entails arguing a case that has already been decided, rather than a fictional case that has yet to be decided, which is known as Mock Trial, and is more common among high school students. Moot Courts are often modeled after the United States Supreme Court and include two parties: a petitioner (the person who has filed the complaint) and a respondent (the person who has charges filed against them). Judges are often professors or actual lawyers who ask the student lawyers representing the two sides questions during their arguments.