The technique of overdubbing can apply to any sounds added to a recording at any point after the initial "live" instruments or sounds have been tracked to multi-track tape (or disk).

It is virtually unheard of nowadays for a commercially released recording to contain no overdubs whatsoever (excepting of course most "live in concert"-type albums).

bitter_engineer: Fair point about Jazz albums. My generalisation above does fall down slightly when dealing with largely instrumental music.