General Manuel Belgrano (1770-1820), a lawyer turned military and political leader in the Argentinian war of independence from Spanish rule.

A number of vessels in the Argentinian navy were named after Belgrano, most notably the former USS Phoenix, a 10 000 ton light cruiser of the Boise class launched in 1938 and sold to Argentina in 1951. During the Falklands War of 1982 the Belgrano, an imposing but completely obsolete ship carrying a crew of 1200 men, was torpedoed and sunk by the British nuclear attack submarine HMS Conqueror whilst sailing (as it emerged) away from the "exclusion zone" announced by the British. The circumstances of the sinking, which was explicitly authorised by the British government, were concealed for some time but revealed after much badgering by the obsessive/maverick Scottish MP Tam Dalyell.