Taradiddle (or tarradiddle) is a word that refers to two related ideas. One meaning for taradiddle is that of an implausible story, a fib, a small falsehood, a trifling lie, baloney, bilgewater, poppycock, or tommyrot. The other meaning is nonsensical written or spoken words, any pretentious twaddle, bosh, tosh, drool, fairy tale, humbug, or cock-and-bull story. If one calls another's story taradiddle, one means to say that it is quite obviously false, and perhaps an excuse.

The etymology of taradiddle is uncertain, though some relate it to the verb diddle, which means "to cheat", or from the Old English didrian, meaning "to deceive". In 1796, taradiddle was put into a dictionary of colloquial speech, as a synonym for fib. Taradiddle is also found in the 50th paragraph the fourth chapter of the 1917 English translation of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's 1866 Crime and Punishment.

There is an 81-card card game, Taradiddle!, created by the American company Biffley's, and marketed through Gamewright. The goal of the game is to match certain cards with a colour or an article of clothing, but failing this, to bluff. If the deception is caught, then the player's nose grows in length. Winning is determined by shortest nose length.

There is also a band in southwest England by the name of Taradiddle. Between the five members, Dave, Mandi, Paddy, Roddy, and Scooby, they play twenty instruments. Their musical style ranges from ballad to techno to gothic to folk. However, they no longer are playing shows, as members Dave and Mandi began raising a child.

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