A monoplane is a term used to describe a heavier-than-air flying machine with a single pair of lifting surfaces (or, if you like: one wing). The first successful monoplane was the Bleriot V, built by frenchman Louis Blériot in January 1907. This aircraft was also the first to utilize a canard wing, i.e. placing the traditional tail surfaces at the front of the plane.

Other famous monoplanes:

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