Ni"trile (? ∨ ?), n. [See Nitro-.] Chem.

Any one of a series of cyanogen compounds; particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia.

⇒ The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is formic nitrile, and methyl cyanide is acetic nitrile.<-- usu. acetonitrile -->


© Webster 1913.

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