Naqsh-i-Rustam lies about 10 km north west of Persepolis, where you can find many important tombs of the Achaemenian empire (Persian). The first tomb to be constructed was that of Darius I, having a cruciform design. Artaxerxes, Darius II and Xerxes followed in succesion, also keeping to the cruciform design. At the entrance to each a carving shows the ruler kneeling at a fire altar.

The Sassanid kings, keen to foster the notion they were descended from such mighty men, also carved scenes from their history here. Near the tomb of Darius I a carving shows the victories of Shapur I over the Romans. Phillip is kneeling, whilst Emperor Valerian is shown with raised arms, which are held by Shapur. An inscription in Pahiavi details the names and titles of Shapur, gives an account of his victories, and conforms his adherance to the Zoroastrian religon.
Another carving shows the coronation of the first Sassanid king Ardashir I by the god Ahura-Mazda. It shows the spherical head-dress wrapped in silken gauze being held by the god, with the devil Ahriman and Artebanus V (who Ardashir deposed) beneath horses hooves.

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