Mencius. Book VII: Tsin Sin. Part II. Chapter VIII.

Legge's summary: The benevolence and selfishness of ancient and modern rule contrasted.

1. Mencius said, 'Anciently, the establishment of the frontier-gates was to guard against violence.

2. 'Nowadays, it is to exercise violence.'

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Translated by James Legge, published in 1861 and revised for publication in 1895. Prepared as etext by Stephen R. McIntyre. Noded by schist. Please msg schist if you have suggestions for useful hard-links.

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