family to which Georgian
in the Caucasus
belongs. This family is also called South Caucasian
, because that's where it's confined to, and apart from Georgian it contains only the minor languages Laz
, and Mingrelian
, Laz over the border in Turkey and the latter two within Georgia.
The name comes from the Georgian Kartveli, a Georgian person (and Sakartvelo = Georgia, kartuli ena = Georgian language). Kartvelian is not known to be related to any other language family -- it is certainly not connected with the North Caucasian groups that include Chechen --, but it is often linked into the Nostratic macrofamily by those linguists who believe in that hypothesis.