A new state of India, created on 15 November 2000 from the southern half of Bihar, with only 35% of its population, being sparsely populated hills, but with a great part of India's mineral wealth. Its capital is at Ranchi. The population is largely tribal, called Jharkhandis, and has been agitating for separate recognition since 1918. An alternative name proposed for it was Vananchal.

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