Shrapnel, Henry, an English inventor, entered the Royal Artillery in 1779, served with the Duke of York's army in Flanders, and shortly after the siege of Dunkirk invented the case shot known by the name of shrapnel shells, an invention for which he received from government a pension of $6,000 a year in addition to his pay in the army. He retired from active service in 1825, attained the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1827, and died in 1842.

Entry from Everybody's Cyclopedia, 1912.

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