First published in 1934 and still published today as a monthly with very low distribution, Aufbau is the most well known of the many newspapers that were founded around the world by mainly Jewish intellectuals who fled the Nazis. Known collectively as the Exilpresse, most of these German-language newspapers folded in the late forties or early fifties, as their readership returned to Germany, moved to Israel, or became more acculturated to their new homes. Aufbau maintained its prominence a good deal longer, in great part due to the strength of its contributors, who included (in addition to their regular writers) Hannah Arendt, Albert Einstein, Thomas Mann, Leon Feuchtwanger, Franz Werfel, and others. In 1942 it was the first American newspaper to report on Nazi atrocities and mass murders in Russia and Poland. Although the paper never distributed more than about 50,000 copies per issue, it was read in 45 different countries and was seen, especially right after the war, as a powerful moral and intellectual institution.

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