An Ascleopin was a temple to the Greek God Asclepios. Originally built in Ancient Greece, Asclopios was assimilated into Roman culture and an Asclepion was built in Rome. The cult of Asclepios was at its peak in the 4th and 5th centuries BC.

Visitors to an Asclopion washed, ate good food and had relaxation. They made a sacrifice to the God, then slept in long, narrow open-aired buildings called abatons. Whilst they slept the God supposedly cae in a dream and cured them of their ailment. Priests wandered the buildings, administering ointments and performing rituals involving snakes, which was the sacred animal of the cult.

There was apparently much success in the temples, as shown by inscriptions on the wall that speak of success. It is likely that the priests drugged their patients and performed simple operations, or that people were healed due to the placebo effect.

Asclepios' daughters, Hygeia and Panacea, were also involved in the healing. This is where we get the words hygiene and panacea from.

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