Sal (s&add;l), n. [Hind. sal, Skr. &cced;ala.] Bot.
An East Indian timber tree (Shorea robusta), much used for building purposes. It is of a light brown color, close-grained, and durable.
[Written also saul
© Webster 1913.
Sal (s&acr;l), n. [L. See Salt.] Chem. & Pharm.
Sal absinthii [NL.] Old Chem., an impure potassium carbonate obtained from the ashes of wormwood (Artemisia Absinthium). -- Sal acetosellae [NL.] Old Chem., salt of sorrel. -- Sal alembroth. Old Chem. See Alembroth. -- Sal ammoniac Chem., ammonium chloride, NH4Cl, a white crystalline volatile substance having a sharp salty taste, obtained from gas works, from nitrogenous matter, etc. It is largely employed as a source of ammonia, as a reagent, and as an expectorant in bronchitis. So called because originally made from the soot from camel's dung at the temple of Jupiter Ammon in Africa. Called also muriate of ammonia. -- Sal catharticus [NL.] Old Med. Chem., Epsom salts. -- Sal culinarius [L.] Old Chem., common salt, or sodium chloride. -- Sal Cyrenaicus. [NL.] Old Chem. See Sal ammoniac above. -- Sal de duobus, Sal duplicatum [NL.] Old Chem., potassium sulphate; -- so called because erroneously supposed to be composed of two salts, one acid and one alkaline. -- Sal diureticus [NL.] Old Med. Chem., potassium acetate. -- Sal enixum [NL.] Old Chem., acid potassium sulphate. -- Sal gemmae [NL.] Old Min., common salt occuring native. -- Sal Jovis [NL.] Old Chem., salt tin, or stannic chloride; -- the alchemical name of tin being Jove. -- Sal Martis [NL.] Old Chem., green vitriol, or ferrous sulphate; -- the alchemical name of iron being. Mars. -- Sal microcosmicum [NL.] Old Chem. See Microcosmic salt, under Microcosmic. -- Sal plumbi [NL.] Old Chem., sugar of lead. -- Sal prunella. Old Chem. See Prunella salt, under 1st Prunella. -- Sal Saturni [NL.] Old Chem., sugar of lead, or lead acetate; -- the alchemical name of lead being Saturn. -- Sal sedativus [NL.] Old Chem., sedative salt, or boric acid. -- Sal Seignette [F. seignette, sel de seignette] Chem., Rochelle salt. -- Sal soda Chem., sodium carbonate. See under Sodium. -- Sal vitrioli [NL.] Old Chem., white vitriol; zinc sulphate. -- Sal volatile. [NL.] (a) Chem. See Sal ammoniac, above. (b) Spirits of ammonia.
© Webster 1913.