The most basic form. A group of words of the same length arranged in a square. Some word squares use the same words across and down, others use different words.

Example:

HORN
OBOE
ROSE
NEED

There's a famous word square in Latin which is also a 5-word palindrome: sator arepo tenet opera rotas

Word squares were used extensivley in Qabalistic practices. Each word square has a specific purpose. The most famous of these is sator arepo tenet opera rotas while some word squares follow this palindromic form this is not always the case. Indeed, quite a few are not even full squares. All of these word squares are taken from The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abra-Melin the Mage indeed the sator palindrome is printed on the cover in word square format.

All word squares are noded under their "base word", that is the word spelled out in the first row of the square, (all squares contain at least a complete first horizontal row) and are arranged by general purpose below.

Knowledge of Places/Events:
Milon
Thirama
Doreh
Nabhi
Nvdeton
Sarapi
Malach
Kosem
Rother
Melabbed
Mebhaer
Knowledge of People
Allup
Melammed
Ekdilun
Personal Transformation:
Uriel
Lucifer
Leviatan
Satan
Summoning Visions:
Gilionin
Ethanim
Apparet
Bedser
Negot
Nasi
Gohen
Admon
Leleh
Binding Familiar Spirits
Anakim
Cephir
Oiketis
Paras
Racah
Cusis
Perachi
Risir
Neser
Pethen
Kalef
Kobha
For aiding in menial tasks:
Telaah
Alcabrusi
Cadsar
Pelagim
Kiloin
Nakab
Kittik
Marak
For operations of Metallurgy:
Metalo
Tabbat
Ipomano
To cause weather:
Canamal
Takat
Sagrir
Hamag
Transformation of others:
Iemimei
Aiacila
Chadsir
Bedasek
Kalteph
Diseebeh
Isichadamion
To hinder or undo Magic:
Codseim
Lachat
Paradilon
Horah
Macaneh
To summon books:
Coli
Searah
Kehahek
To Knoe the secrets of any person:
Megilla
Simbasi
Maabhad
Milchamah
Cedidah
Asamim
Melabah
To raise the dead:
Ezechiel
Amigdel
Iosua
Peger
For Invisibility
Alamala
Tsaphah
Casah
Alatah
Coder
Simlah
Cehah
Anana
Taman
Beromin
Talac
Alampis
To Summon Food and Drink:
Iaiin
Basar
Lechem
Dacad
Lebhinah
To summon treasure:
Tipharah
Cesep
Segilah
Necot
Magot
Agil
Cosen
Otsar
Belial
Belial
Orion
Kerma
Iana
Bicelon
Segor
Hetiser
Astarot
Koneh
Cahil
Ariton
Orimel
Seqor
Keser
Pesep
Matba
To travel through the air:
Tasma
Anan
Holop
Odac
Rolor
Natsa
Healing:
Tsaraat
Buah
Metsorah
Rechem
Rokea
Betem
Bebher
Eleos
Kadakat
Rogamos
Situr
Happir
Affecting Love:
Dodim
Raiah
Modah
Sicofet
Almanah
Callah
Elem
Naqid
Salom
Debam
Ahhb
Ialdah
Betulah
Iedidah
Saqal
Qebhir
Efeha
Taafah
Sarah
Catan
To cause discord:
Kanna
Selak
Roqen
Atlitis
Otsamah
Sinah
Satan
Lofitos
Gibor
Nokam
Kelim
Kerabah
To change one's appearance:
Zaken
Diskenah
Disakan
Ionek
Bacur
To work evil:
Qeladim
Behemot
Mebasim
Cased
Lebhah
Qaraqak
To demolish structures:
Naveh
Qaqah
Comahon
Biniam
To discover thefts:
Kixalis
Qenebah
Qedeselan
Talah
Carac
Moreh
To travel on or through the water:
Nahariama
Burnaheu
Maiam
To open locks:
Sagub
Ratok
Bariaca
Seqor
Loharahos
To Create Illusions:
Selac
Heseb
Aodonia
Atsarah
Agamaga
Seleg
Sorek
Akropolis
Caiot
Iaqeb
Melunac
Perac
Doberah
Olelah
Kikaion
Makor
Migiras
Esahel
Arieh
Limikos
Sasas
Kikimis
Nesiker
Dobih
Fufalos
Parah
Gadesir
Fanin
Reem
Aiiah
Suhal
Giripes
Arnep
Aiial
Kelef
To summon an army:
Macaneh
Maharacah
Metisurah
To summon an acting troupe:
Naginah
Mekolah
Nigigin
Mecasef

Most of the words which form these word squares are of Latin or Hebrew origin, the node for each square will show the form of the square and the letter placement within it, as well as discussing some of the meaning and precise purpose of the word square. Keep in mind that according to Qabalah it is impossible to use these word squares without first invoking named spirits and performing purification rituals. Which will be discussed in other nodes if I get around to it.

Word squares come in two basic types: acrostic word squares and double word squares. In either case, you should be able to start reading left-to-right in any row and top-to-bottom in any column and get a valid English word. In acrostic word squares you will get the same words in the same order either way; double word squares may have a different set of words going from top-to-bottom than from left-to-right.

Acrostic word squares:

A M
M A

O F T
F O E
T E N

H O P E
O P A L
P A L M
E L M S

W A R T S
A W A I T
R A D A R
T I A R A
S T R A W

Obviously, these get much harder for each additional letter. Here is a nine-square one created by Wayne M. Goodwin (squares of nine or lager are almost always credited, and often copyrighted). Seven of the words can be found in standard dictionaries, one (retitrate, meaning to titrate again), can be found in a few larger dictionaries, and one (Eavestone) is the name of a town in West Riding, Yorkshire.

F R A T E R I E S
R E G I M E N A L
A G I T A T I V E
T I T A N I T E S
E M A N A T I S T
R E T I T R A T E
I N I T I A T O R
E A V E S T O N E
S L E S T E R E D

You can make larger word squares, but you have to start adding in hyphenated words, taxonomic nomenclature, names of people (and ten letter family names tend to be much more obscure than Robinson or Smith), foreign words, and even short phrases.

Double word squares:

T O O
U R N
B E E

L A C K
I R O N
M E R E
B A K E

S T A I R
T W I N E
R I S K S
I N L E T
P E E R S

A D M I T S
D E A D E N
S E R E N E
O P I A T E
R E N T E R
B R E E D S

You can invent your own word squares, but you'll also sometimes find them presented in puzzle books and sites as a list of clues to a square that someone else has invented, in the manner of a crossword puzzle. Here are some to start you off (the words are pipe-linked to the correct answers).

1. Another word for 'harvest'
2. Another word for 'other'
3. A continent
4. A fruit

1. Approach
2. Ellipse
3. Religious ceremony
4. Otherwise

1. Overfed
2. Make up for
3. Breakfast food
4. Follow
5. Discourage

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Word_square
http://wordways.com/insearch.htm
http://wordways.com/challeng.htm
http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/easysurf/squares.htm
The Game of Words by Willard R. Espy.


Free C! to first person to give an example of a Word cube (3*3*3 or greater).

biza0re has noded one under word cube. It is being heavily downvoted, but not deleted yet... Way to go biza0re!

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