Volume normalization is a part of sound engineering
which should be applied
on the recorded material
during the post-production
If this is done digitally
on a computer
, it can be done easily by an automatic process
that increases the volume on the entire recording so that the highest peaks are as close to 0db
as possible (but never over). When editing it manually
, for instance with an analogue mixer
, the recorded piece's volume is also increased, but with analogue mixing, the signal is pitched up so that the average
volume is at 0db.
There are also other ways of normalizing. For instance, if the recorded piece contains no peaks that are considerably at higher volume than the average (happens frequently when you are recording a choir
), the recording is pitched up (or down) so that the average volume is around -14db (digital) or 0db (analogue).