This is how we convert something outside to something inside. i.e. we build a model in our minds or in our computers to represent reality, so that we do not have to repeat the work it took to achieve this knowledge.

Learning has taken place when new information has been assimilated into one's schema and that new information affects the way the person thinks or behaves.
Learning is a "thing" because it has a direct effect on the recipient. They are altered because of it, not just because they may be striving towards it (as in striving towards the "idea" of inner peace).

Learn (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Learned (?), or Learnt (); p. pr. & vb. n. Learning.] [OE. lernen, leornen, AS. leornian; akin to OS. linon, for lirnon, OHG. lirn�xc7;n, lern�xc7;n, G. lernen, fr. the root of AS. lran to teach, OS. l�xc7;rian, OHG.l�xc7;ran, G. lehren, Goth. laisjan, also Goth lais I know, leis acquainted (in comp.); all prob. from a root meaning, to go, go over, and hence, to learn; cf. AS. leoran to go . Cf. Last a mold of the foot, lore.]

1.

To gain knowledge or information of; to ascertain by inquiry, study, or investigation; to receive instruction concerning; to fix in the mind; to acquire understanding of, or skill; as, to learn the way; to learn a lesson; to learn dancing; to learn to skate; to learn the violin; to learn the truth about something.

"Learn to do well."

Is. i. 17.

Now learn a parable of the fig tree. Matt. xxiv. 32.

2.

To communicate knowledge to; to teach.

[Obs.]

Hast thou not learned me how To make perfumes ? Shak.

Learn formerly had also the sense of teach, in accordance with the analogy of the French and other languages, and hence we find it with this sense in Shakespeare, Spenser, and other old writers. This usage has now passed away. To learn is to receive instruction, and to teach is to give instruction. He who is taught learns, not he who teaches.

 

© Webster 1913.


Learn, v. i.

To acquire knowledge or skill; to make progress in acquiring knowledge or skill; to receive information or instruction; as, this child learns quickly.

Take my yoke upon you and learn of me. Matt. xi. 29.

To learn by heart. See By heart, under Heart. -- To learn by rote, to memorize by repetition without exercise of the understanding.

 

© Webster 1913.

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