This is not a new idea
. The idea
of maintaining prices
so that the small retail
er didn't get eaten alive
by chain store
s with higher buying power
(and sometimes larger) networks of distribution
This practice was one of the few that was excepted from the Sherman Antitrust Act. The amendment that made allowed these laws was repealed in 1975.
The fair trade that WTO protesters are advocating is not all that different. The idea is that small independent producers of goods shouldn't be exploited by middlemen who have a stranglehold on the market. It's ironic because most of the folks who oppose this idea have been hollering about unimpeded free trade which is exactly what fair trade policy would enable.
The coffee industry is a prime example of this dynamic in action. The cheaper coffee is the more you will sell but the cheaper you make coffee the less money you make. So, who is going to underwrite the cost of controls on the price of coffee? Not the consumer in the free trade at any cost paradigm and the reseller needs to keep huge margins because he isn't crucial to the transaction. Obviously the grower is going to bear the burden of fixed pricing. This sucks because in the end it means that folks who grow certain kinds of crops (the idea of cash crops are kinda fucked anyway) are going to become impoverished as a result.
To me this is way more pressing than whether the corner grocery stays open. It isn't really about artificially fighting competition any more. It has more to do with preventing exploitation.