One of the most important things to avoid
in a battle. A basic strategy when you have superior numbers is to send troops around both flank
s of the enemy to surround them. Being attacked from all sides is very demoralizing. If an encircled
battalion is rout
ed they will either be slaughtered or taken prisoner. A good encirclement
maneuver can capture a great deal of soldiers and supplies.
This can also apply at a larger scale with countries. Germany has several times worried about being encircled by it's enemies in Europe. At this scale the threat is a two front war