"To translate" is also used for a specific form of movement, in this case, to change position without changing attitude. For example, if the Space Shuttle uses its reaction control system to move directly 'up' in relation to the shuttle without rotating around the X, Y or Z axes, it is said to have translated in the plus-Z direction. If it changes attitude (rolls, pitches, yaws) then it has rotated.

(Molecular biology) To convert an mRNA sequence into the appropriate amino acid sequence of a protein, performed by molecular complexes called ribosomes. The coding regions of mRNA molecules are read by the ribosome in three-nucleotide groups termed codons. Each codon corresponds to a specific amino acid (although note that since there are 64 possible codons and only 20 amino acids, many amino acids are encoded by several different codons - this is known as the redundancy of the genetic code).

Trans*late" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Translated; p. pr. & vb. n. Translating.] [f. translatus, used as p. p. of transferre to transfer, but from a different root. See Trans-, and Tolerate, and cf. Translation.]

1.

To bear, carry, or remove, from one place to another; to transfer; as, to translate a tree.

[Archaic]

Dryden.

In the chapel of St. Catharine of Sienna, they show her head- the rest of her body being translated to Rome. Evelyn.

2.

To change to another condition, position, place, or office; to transfer; hence, to remove as by death.

3.

To remove to heaven without a natural death.

By faith Enoch was translated, that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translatedhim. Heb. xi. 5.

4. Eccl.

To remove, as a bishop, from one see to another.

"Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, when the king would have translated him from that poor bishopric to a better, . . . refused."

Camden.

5.

To render into another language; to express the sense of in the words of another language; to interpret; hence, to explain or recapitulate in other words.

Translating into his own clear, pure, and flowing language, what he found in books well known to the world, but too bulky or too dry for boys and girls. Macaulay.

6.

To change into another form; to transform.

Happy is your grace, That can translatethe stubbornness of fortune Into so quiet and so sweet a style. Shak.

7. Med.

To cause to remove from one part of the body to another; as, to translate a disease.

8.

To cause to lose senses or recollection; to entrance.

[Obs.]

J. Fletcher.

 

© Webster 1913.


Trans*late, v. i.

To make a translation; to be engaged in translation.

 

© Webster 1913.

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