Published in 1895, Stephen Crane
's epic novel of young Henry Fleming, a soldier
in the American Civil War
, who at first harbors romantic
illusions of war
, but becomes enraged at the injustice of war after witnessing the horrors of it firsthand. Considered a masterpiece
of literature and the also the first modern war novel
Stephen Crane wrote it with no first hand knowledge of war, but instead relied on anthology
texts to paint his vivid depiction of the war.
The 'red badge of courage' is a euphemism for a wound suffered in battle.