A German Ambient band that had its birth from amidst the surrealist movement in 1967. Edgar Froese, the founding member, next the drummer Klaus Schulze in 1969 and later Konrad Schnitzler among others joined to form the group. Through many releases and alterations to the extraneous band members, Tangerine dream has remained one of the more knowable names in ambient music alongside Brian Eno and Jean-Michel Jarre. Exposure to the mass public can be blamed partially on the BBCs DJ John Peel, and later Tangerine Dreams' scores for numerous Hollywood films.


Discography

Singles:

  • Virgin VDJ 17 Stratosfear/ The Big Sleep in Search of Hades (promo 1987)
  • MCA PSR 413 Betrayal (Sorcerer Theme) / Search (promo 7/77)
  • Virgin VS 199 Encore / Hobo March (9/77)
  • Virgin VS 444 Chronozon / Network 23 (9/81)
  • Virgin 60065213 Das Maedchen auf der Treppe / Flock / Katja Speed (12" p/s)
  • Live Elektro T74 Warsaw in the Sun, Parts 1&2 / Polish Dance / Rare Bird (12" p/s 9/84)
  • Jive Elektro 101 Streethawk / Tiergarten (p/s 8/85)
  • Relativity 88561-8120-1 Dolphin Dance / Dolphin Smile / Song of the Whale
  • Jive Elektro 143 Tyger / 21st Cenury Common Man Part II (12" p/s 6/87)
  • Polydor 879 880-7 I Just Want to Rule My Own Life Without You (Chi Coltrane - 91)
  • Miramar MPCD 2803 Rockoon special edition + Interview (1992)
  • Miramar MPCD 2805 Dreamtime (CD radio edit with vocal version, 1993)
  • Miramar MPCD 2807 Turn of the Tides (Bonus track - Story of the Brave) 1994
  • Miramar/BMG Tyranny of Beauty (Bonus track - Quasar) (1995)
  • TDI005CD (old cat.no.) Limited World Tour Edition (1997)
  • TDI Music (Bonus) ça va ça marche - ça ira encore (sold only with DREAM DICE- Set; 1998)


    Edgar Froese Solo:


  • Virgin V 2016 AQUA (1974)
  • Virgin V 2040 EPSILON IN MALAYSIAN PALE (1975)
  • Brain 0040 18 ELECTRONIC DREAMS (comp. 1975)
  • Brain 60 008 MACULA TRANSFER (1976)
  • Virgin VD 2507 AGES (double 1978) (1997)
  • Virgin V 2139 STUNTMAN (1979)
  • Virgin V 2197 SOLO 1974-1979 (1982)
  • Virgin V 2255 KAMIKAZE (1982)
  • Virgin V 2277 PINNACLES (1983)
  • Virgin / Caroline (USA) BEYOND THE STORM (2 CD - 1995)


    Videos:


  • Miramar-BMG CANYON DREAMS
  • Miramar-BMG MPV 8501 THREE PHASE (Seattle Concert Nov. 1992)
  • Castle Communications THE VIDEO DREAM MIXES (1996)
  • Camera One OASIS (1996)
  • Sony USA/ Odyssey LV 49484 LUMINOUS VISIONS (Computer- animated Video plus CD; 1998)
  • Unapix/ Miramar ARCHITECTURE IN MOTION (USA, 1999)


    LPs/CDs:

  • Castle EMS 345 ELECTRONIC MEDITATION (1970)
  • Castle EMS 346 ALPHA CENTAURI (1971)
  • Castle EMS 347 ZEIT (Largo in 4 Movements) (double LP/single CD, 1972)
  • Castle EMS 348 ATEM (1973)
  • Virgin V 2010 PHAEDRA (1974)
  • Virgin V 2055 RUBYCON (1975)
  • Virgin V 2044 RICOCHET (1975)
  • Virgin V 2068 STRATOSFEAR (1976)
  • Virgin V 2506 ENCORE (1977)
  • Virgin V 2097 CYCLONE (1978)
  • Virgin V 2111 FORCE MAJEURE (1979)
  • Virgin V 2147 TANGRAM (1980)
  • Virgin V 2212 EXIT (1981)
  • Virgin V 2226 WHITE EAGLE (1982)
  • Virgin V 2257 LOGOS-LIVE AT THE DOMINION (1983)
  • Virgin V 2292 HYPERBOREA (1983)
  • Castle EMS 365 POLAND-THE WARSAW CONCERT (double 1984)
  • Castle EMS 364 LE PARC (1985)
  • Castle EMS 413 PERGAMON- LIVE AT THE PALAST DER REPUBLIK (1985)
  • Castle EMS 349 GREEN DESERT (rec. in 1973)
  • Castle EMS 366 UNDERWATER SUNLIGHT (1986)
  • Castle CCS 161 THE COLLECTION (dble. comp., 1987)
  • Castle EMS 367 TYGER (1988)
  • Castle EMS 368 LIVEMILES (1988)
  • Private Music/BMG 2042-2-P OPTICAL RACE (1988)
  • Private Music/BMG 2057-1-P LILY ON THE BEACH (1989)
  • Private Music/BMG 2078-2-P MELROSE (1990)
  • Castle Comm./Sequel 1022-2 GOBLINS CLUB (1996)
  • TDI Music TDI CD001/EFA 63001 AMBIENT MONKEYS (1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD002/EFA 63002 ATLANTIC BRIDGES (comp. 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD003/EFA 63003 ATLANTIC WALLS (comp. 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD004/EFA 63004 DREAM ENCORES (1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD005/EFA 63005 DREAM MIXES I (Rerelease of the 2CD- Edition, 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD006/EFA 63006 TIME SQUARE DREAM MIXES 2 (1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD007/EFA 63007 THE HOLLYWOOD YEARS VOL. I (comp. of unreleased material, 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD008/EFA 63008 THE HOLLYWOOD YEARS VOL. II (comp. of unreleased material, 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD010/EFA 63010 QUINOA (extended Version of Fanclub CD, 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD011/EFA 63011 TOURNADO (live in 1997, second set of tour; 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD013/EFA 63013 VALENTINE WHEELS (live in 1997, first set of tour; 1999)
  • TDI Music TDI CD014/EFA 63014 SOHOMAN (live in Sydney 1982, 1999)
  • TDI Music TDI CD016/EFA 63016 MARS POLARIS (1999)
  • TDI Music TDI CD017/EFA 63017 ROCKOON (1992, re-release on TDI Music 1999)
  • TDI Music TDI CD018/EFA 63018 220 VOLT LIVE (1993, re-release on TDI Music 1999)
  • TDI Music TDI CD019/EFA 63019 TURN OF THE TIDES (1994, re-release on TDI Music 1999)
  • TDI Music TDI CD020/EFA 63020 TYRANNY OF BEAUTY (1995, re-release on TDI Music 1999)


    Soundtracks:

  • MCA MCF 2806 SORCERER (1975) MCA MCD 10842 (1993)
  • Virgin V 2198 THIEF (1982)
  • Varese Sarabande WAVELENGTH (1983)
  • Virgin V 2302 RISKY BUSINESS (1983)
  • Varese Sarabande FIRESTARTER (1984)
  • EMI America ST 17141 FLASHPOINT (1984)
  • Virgin 207 212-620 HEARTBREAKERS (1984)
  • MCA 6165 LEGEND (1985, 1995 re-issue)
  • Silva Screen Film 026 NEAR DARK (1987)
  • Varese Sarabande 47307 THREE O'CLOCK HIGH (1987)
  • Varese Sarabande 47357 SHY PEOPLE (1985)
  • Private Music 2047-2-P MIRACLE MILE (1989)
  • BMG/Hansa 210 440 DESTINATION BERLIN (1990)
  • Silva Screen Records DEAD SOLID PERFECT (1988)
  • EMI THE MAN INSIDE (1990)
  • Edel America CIN 2213-2 CATCH ME IF YOU CAN ( 1994)
  • Silva Screen SSD 1016 DREAM MUSIC - Compilation
  • Silva Screen HEARTBREAKERS (1995 re-issue)
  • One Way Records FLASHPOINT (1995 re-issue)
  • Silva Screen DEADLY CARE (1995)
  • Repertoire Records ZONING (1995 - Germany)
  • TDI Music TDI CD009/EFA 63009 OASIS (Soundtrack, 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD012/EFA 63012 TRANSSIBERIA (Soundtrack, 1998)
  • TDI Music TDI CD015/EFA 63015 WHAT A BLAST (excl. USA, 1999)
  • Unapix/Miramar ARCHITECTURE IN MOTION (= What A Blast USA, 1999)
  • TDI Music TDI CD021/EFA 63021 CANYON DREAMS (1989, re-release on TDI Music 1999)





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  • From their inception in 1967 up until the album Rubycon in 1975, Tangerine Dream produced superb ambient music with primitive synthesisers, organs, and guitar effects. During this stage their pinnacle was Zeit, an early illbient record which consisted mostly of held chords, detuned cellos, wailing noises and drones. After the aforementioned Schnitzler and Schulze left the group, quite early on in its history, The Dream settled down to a line-up of Edgar Froese on synthesiser, Chris Franke on synthesiser, and Peter Baumann on synthesiser. This was the classic line-up and remained constant until the early 1980s. All three group members have had solo careers, on synthesiser.

    After Zeit, the band produced Phaedra and Rubycon for Virgin Records in the UK, where the former was an unlikely top ten hit in 1974. Both records marked a shift towards a more rhythmic, melodic sound, whilst still remaining completely divorced from the mainstream. With this the group reached something of a dead end, however; after five years of experimentation they had taken the concept of formless ambient washes + a bouncy, echoed sequencer beat (with Mellotron) as far as it could go. Rubycon itself was essentially "Phaedra Plus".

    Which explains why, by the end of the decade, the band changed tack entirely, becoming a relatively conventional instrumental electro-rock act. Although the group established a solid cult reputation and met with increased sales, their subsequent work was much less satisfying; simply put, their 1980s albums sound extraordinarily dated nowadays, calling to mind the music from Knight Rider (which was not by them) or Street Hawk (which was). The group also branched into movie soundtracks with a similar artistic trajectory, although their first, for William Friedkin's Sorceror, is highly recommended. Selections of their work were used effectively to score Michael Mann's odd, culty The Keep, whilst the group was also commissioned to produce music for the European release of Ridley Scott's Legend.

    Since the mid 1980s the group has essentially been Edgar Froese and some hired help. They remain popular in Europe and have a passionate following on the internet; they still produce albums, all of which sound like the product of an old man attempting to sound like a young man (with inevitable echoes of Jean Michel Jarre). The 'gimmick' of using synthesisers exclusively is no longer novel, and it is ironic that, whilst the group's electro direction has been their most persistent period, it was their early spacey, ambient stuff that seemed more contemporary in the 1990s.

    Outside the group, bear-like founder member and only constant Edgar Froese has released some interesting solo albums; as have former members Klaus Schulze and Conrad Schnitzler, both of whom are legendary in krautrock circles. Chris Franke did the music for the first few series of Babylon 5, whilst Baumann recorded one solo album and is now the world's leading Formula One driver and singer.

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