Moving Pictures Experts Group: An ISO committee that generates standards for digital audio and video compression and the name of their algorithms.

MPEG-1 is optimized for CD-ROM, MPEG-2 for broadcast-quality video and MPEG-4 for low-bandwidth video telephony. MPEG-3 was merged into MPEG-2.

MPEG Layers

Established in 1988 with the mission to establish standards for digital audio and video MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) has produced MPEG1, the standard on which such products as Video CD and MP3 are based, MPEG2 the standard on which such products as Digital Television set top boxes and DVD are based and MPEG4, the standard for multimedia for the web and the mobile environment. Next to come is MPEG7 "Multimedia Content Description Interface" whose completion is scheduled for July 2001. Work on the new standard MPEG21 "Multimedia Framework" has started in June 2000.

http://www.cselt.it/mpeg/

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