A merit badge
for Boy scouts
. This is not a required badge for Eagle
. Taken from meritbadge.com:
- Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people or events
had on the history of medicine:
- The invention of gunpowder
- William Harvey
- Antoine van Leeuwenhoek
- Edward Jenner
- Florence Nightingale
- Louis Pasteur
- Gregor Mendel
- Joseph Lister
- Robert Koch
- Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
- Marie and Pierre Curie
- Walter Reed
- Karl Landsteiner
- Alexander Fleming
- Jonas Salk
- Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare the original version to a
more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe
the greatest allegiance.
- Discuss the health care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the
importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe
the role of confidentiality in this relationship.
- Do the following:
- Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care in your
state. (Note: Not all may exist in your state.)
- Physician's assistant
- Nurse practitioner
- Registered nurse
- Licensed vocational/practical nurse
- Medical assistant
- Emergency medical technician
- Medical laboratory technologist
- Radiologic technologist
- Physical therapist
- Occupational therapist
- Respiratory therapist
- Describe the educational and licensing requirements for five of those in
4a -- other
than 4a1 -- practicing health care in your state.
- Tell what is meant by the term "primary care" with regard to a medical
specialty. Briefly describe the types of work done by physicians in the following
- Internal medicine (a "primary care" specialty)
- Family practice (a "primary care" specialty)
- Obstetrics/gynecology (a "primary care" specialty)
- Pediatrics (a "primary care" specialty)
- Describe the additional educational requirements for those specialties.
- Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following
specialties or subspecialties:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Colon and rectal surgery
- Emergency medicine
- Endocrinology and metabolism
- Geriatric medicine
- Infectious disease
- Neurological surgery
- Nuclear medicine
- Orthopedic surgery
- Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery
- Physical medicine and rehabilitation/sports medicine
- Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery
- Preventive medicine
- Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery
- Vascular surgery
- Describe the additional educational requirements for the five specialties or
subspecialties you chose in 6a.
- Visit a physician's office, preferably one who delivers "primary care." (This
may be that of your counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical
examination (an official BSA health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become
familiar with the instruments used.
|If this cannot be arranged, demonstrate to your counselor that you understand the
components of a medical history and physical, and discuss the instruments involved.
- Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (eg,
routine blood pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not perfect.
- Show how to take a blood pressure reading and a pulse reading.
- Do the following:
- Discuss the roles medical societies, the insurance industry, and the government play in
influencing the practice of medicine in the United States.
- Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and
how it provides care to those who do not have health insurance.
- Compare and discuss with your counselor the health care delivery systems in the United
States, Canada, and Mexico.
- Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (eg, blood
drive, "health fair", blood pressure screening, etc) approved by your counselor.