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20:1 And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him with the elders,
20:2 And spake unto him, saying, Tell us, by what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority?
20:3 And he answered and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and answer me:
20:4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men?
20:5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then believed ye him not?
20:6 But and if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us: for they be persuaded that John was a prophet.
20:7 And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was.
20:8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.
20:9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time.
20:10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty.
20:11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.
20:12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.
20:13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.
20:14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.
20:15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?
20:16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.
20:17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?
20:18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
20:19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.
20:20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.
20:21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person of any, but teachest the way of God truly:
20:22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no?
20:23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me?
20:24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Caesar's.
20:25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar's, and unto God the things which be God's.
20:26 And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.
20:27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him,
20:28 Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man's brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
20:29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children.
20:30 And the second took her to wife, and he died childless.
20:31 And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also: and they left no children, and died.
20:32 Last of all the woman died also.
20:33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven had her to wife.
20:34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage:
20:35 But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage:
20:36 Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.
20:37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.
20:38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
20:39 Then certain of the scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said.
20:40 And after that they durst not ask him any question at all.
20:41 And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?
20:42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
20:43 Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
20:44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?
20:45 Then in the audience of all the people he said unto his disciples,
20:46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts;
20:47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

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Everything King James Bible:Luke

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Luke
Book: Luke
Chapter: 20

The priests and Scribes question Christ's authority. (1-8) The
Parable of the vineyard and husbandmen. (9-19) Of giving
Tribute. (20-26) Concerning the resurrection. (27-38) The
Scribes silenced. (39-47)

1-8 Men often pretend to examine the evidences of Revelation,
and the Truth of the Gospel, when only seeking excuses for their
own unbelief and disobedience. Christ answered these priests and
Scribes with a Plain question about the Baptism of John, which
the common people could answer. They all knew it was from
Heaven, nothing in it had an earthly tendency. Those that bury
the knowledge they have, are justly denied further knowledge. It
was just with Christ to refuse to give account of his authority,
to those who knew the Baptism of John to be from Heaven, yet
would not believe in him, nor own their knowledge.

9-19 Christ spake this Parable against those who resolved not
to own his authority, though the evidence of it was So full. How
many resemble the Jews who murdered the prophets and crucified
Christ, in their Enmity to God, and aversion to his service,
desiring to live according to their lusts, without control! Let
all who are favoured with God's Word, look to it that they make
proper use of their advantages. Awful will be the doom, both of
those who reject the Son, and of those who profess to reverence
Him, yet render not the fruits in due season. Though they could
not but own that for such a Sin, such a Punishment was just, yet
they could not Bear to hear of it. It is the folly of sinners,
that they persevere in sinful ways, though they dread the
Destruction at the End of those ways.

20-26 Those who are most crafty in their designs against Christ
and his Gospel, cannot hide them. He did not give a direct
answer, but reproved them for Offering to impose upon him; and
they could not fasten upon any thing wherewith to stir up either
the Governor or the people against him. The Wisdom which is from
above, will direct all who teach the way of God truly, to avoid
the snares laid for them By wicked men; and will teach our duty
to God, to our rulers, and to all men, So clearly, that opposers
will have No evil to say of us.

27-38 It is common for those who design to undermine any Truth
of God, to load it with difficulties. But we wrong ourselves,
and wrong the Truth of Christ, when we form our notions of the
world of spirits By this world of sense. There are more worlds
than one; a present visible world, and a future unseen world;
and let every one compare this world and that world, and give
the preference in his thoughts and cares to that which deserves
them. Believers shall obtain the resurrection from the dead,
that is the blessed resurrection. What shall be the happy state
of the inhabitants of that world, we cannot express or conceive,

1Co 2:9. Those that are entered into the joy of their Lord,
are entirely taken up therewith; when there is Perfection of
Holiness there will be No occasion for preservatives from Sin.
And when God called himself the God of these patriarchs, he
meant that he was a God all-sufficient to them, Ge 17:1, their
exceeding great Reward, Ge 15:1. He never did that for them in
this world, which answered the full extent of his undertaking;
therefore there must be another Life, in which he will do that
for them, which will completely fulfil the promise.

39-47 The Scribes commended the reply Christ made to the
Sadducees about the resurrection, but they were silenced By a
question concerning the Messiah. Christ, as God, was David's
Lord; but Christ, as Man, was David's son. The Scribes would
receive the severest judgement for defrauding the Poor Widows,
and for their abuse of religion, particularly of Prayer, which
they used as a pretence for carrying On worldly and wicked
plans. Dissembled Piety is double Sin. Then let us Beg of God to
keep us from pride, ambition, Covetousness, and every evil
thing; and to teach us to seek that honour which comes from him

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