Mandarin Da Yun He, the Grand Canal, it is a series of waterways that links the Chekiang province to Beijing. At nearly 1,100 miles, it is the longest man-made waterway in the world, however, not its entire length is man-made as it intercepts some rivers. It started over two millenia ago, before the Qin Dynasty in around 400BC, as a grain transportation route from the rich Yellow River Valley to the large populations and armies in Northern China.

The Sui Dynasty added great lengths of waterways to the canal. Further renovations were made in the Yuan Dynasty (Mongol), Ming Dynasty and under the Communists. Since most rivers in China flowed in laterally from west to east, the Grand Canal was needed to span the country north to south. Formerly a major transportation route, its use as a way to feed the North has been largely abandoned. However, it is still important in local transportation. It has also been made an irrigation system for the double cropping of rice.

Italian Canal Grande, the largest bridged waterway in Venice, which winds its way through the main part of the city in a reversed S shape, starting near the Tronchetto car parks and the railway station at Santa Lucia to the north and emerging onto the deep water channel (the Canale di San Marco/Canale di Giudecca) at the Riva dei Schiavoni by Piazza San Marco to the south. It is crossed by three bridges, the Ponte dei Scalzi close to the station, the Rialto close to its midpoint on the core tourist route between the outside world and San Marco, and the Ponte dell'Accademia at the southern end. Many vaporetto routes pass through it, and the cheapest way to taste the gondola experience is to take a quick ferry trip across it.

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