Graft (?), n. [OE. graff, F. greffe, originally the same word as OF. grafe pencil, L. graphium, Gr. &?;, &?;, fr. &?; to write; prob. akin to E. carve. So named from the resemblance of a scion or shoot to a pointed pencil. Cf. Graphic, Grammar.]

(a)

A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it. The two unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.

(b)

A branch or portion of a tree growing from such a shoot.

(c) (Surg.)

A portion of living tissue used in the operation of autoplasty.

 

© Webster 1913


Graft, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grafted; p. pr. & vb. n. Grafting.] [F. greffer. See Graft, n.]

1.

To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon. [Formerly written graff.]

2. (Surg.)

To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in a lesion so as to form an organic union.

3.

To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to bring about a close union.

And graft my love immortal on thy fame !
Pope.

4. (Naut.)

To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope- yarns.

 

© Webster 1913


Graft, v. i.

To insert scions from one tree, or kind of tree, etc., into another; to practice grafting.

 

© Webster 1913


Graft, n. [Prob. orig. so called because illegitimate or improper profit was looked upon as a graft, or sort of excrescence, on a legitimate business undertaking, in distinction from its natural proper development.]

1.

Acquisition of money, position, etc., by dishonest or unjust means, as by actual theft or by taking advantage of a public office or any position of trust or employment to obtain fees, perquisites, profits on contracts, legislation, pay for work not done or service not performed, etc.; illegal or unfair practice for profit or personal advantage; also, anything thus gained. [Colloq.]

2.

A "soft thing" or "easy thing;" a "snap." [Slang]

 

© Webster 1913

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