Organisation to promote the interests of developing countries within the UN. Founded 1964-06-15 in Geneva with the Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Developing Countries made at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. The 77 original members had become 133 by May 2001 but the "Group of 77" designation was kept for continuity.

Its first formal meeting and assembly into an organisation proper occurred in October 1967 with the Charter of Algiers. It maintains chapters in Rome, Vienna, Nairobi and Paris, where UN organisations of key interest to the G-77 headquarter. A related group, the G-24 acts as a pressure group for the IMF and World bank in Washington. The "G-" moniker is a popular shorthand form for referring to a lobby group with a particular number of members, the G-7 being the most famous.

From its inception until 2000, its highest authority and decision-making body was an annual meeting of its members on the ministerial level which convened in New York at the beginning of the United Nations General Assembly. In April 2001, the meeting was attended by heads of government for the first time. These ministerial conventions are presided over in rotation by a representative of a country in one of the organisation's three main regions: Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Africa.

Recently, the group often refers to itself as the "Group of 77 and China," attaching particular significance to China due to its influence in the UN and permanent place on the UN Security Council.

List of member states (an asterisk denotes a founding member):

  1. *Afghanistan
  2. *Algeria
  3. Angola
  4. Antigua and Barbuda
  5. *Argentina
  6. Bahamas
  7. Bahrain
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Barbados
  10. Belize
  11. *Benin
  12. Bhutan
  13. *Bolivia
  14. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  15. Botswana
  16. *Brazil
  17. Brunei Darussalam
  18. *Burkina Faso
  19. *Burundi
  20. *Cambodia
  21. *Cameroon
  22. Cape Verde
  23. *Central African Republic
  24. *Chad
  25. *Chile
  26. China
  27. *Colombia
  28. Comoros
  29. *Congo
  30. *Costa Rica
  31. Cuba
  32. *Cyprus
  33. *Democratic Republic of the Congo
  34. Djibouti
  35. Dominica
  36. *Dominican Republic
  37. *Ecuador
  38. *Egypt
  39. *El Salvador
  40. Equatorial Guinea
  41. Eritrea
  42. *Ethiopia
  43. Federated States of Micronesia
  44. Fiji
  45. *Gabon
  46. Gambia
  47. *Ghana
  48. Grenada
  49. *Guatemala
  50. *Guinea
  51. Guinea-Bissau
  52. Guyana
  53. *Haiti
  54. *Honduras
  55. *India
  56. *Indonesia
  57. *Iran
  58. *Iraq
  59. Ivory Coast
  60. *Jamaica
  61. *Jordan
  62. *Kenya
  63. *Kuwait
  64. *Laos
  65. *Lebanon
  66. Lesotho
  67. *Liberia
  68. *Libya
  69. *Madagascar
  70. Malawi
  71. *Malaysia
  72. Maldives
  73. *Mali
  74. Malta
  75. Marshall Islands
  76. *Mauritania
  77. Mauritius
  78. Mongolia
  79. *Morocco
  80. Mozambique
  81. *Myanmar
  82. Namibia
  83. *Nepal
  84. *Nicaragua
  85. *Niger
  86. *Nigeria
  87. North Korea
  88. Oman
  89. *Pakistan
  90. Palestine
  91. *Panama
  92. Papua New Guinea
  93. *Paraguay
  94. *Peru
  95. *Philippines
  96. Qatar
  97. Romania
  98. *Rwanda
  99. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  100. Saint Lucia
  101. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  102. Samoa
  103. Sao Tome and Principe
  104. *Saudi Arabia
  105. *Senegal
  106. Seychelles
  107. *Sierra Leone
  108. Singapore
  109. Solomon Islands
  110. *Somalia
  111. South Africa
  112. *Sri Lanka
  113. *Sudan
  114. Suriname
  115. Swaziland
  116. *Syria
  117. *Tanzania
  118. *Thailand
  119. *Togo
  120. Tonga
  121. *Trinidad and Tobago
  122. *Tunisia
  123. Turkmenistan
  124. *Uganda
  125. United Arab Emirates
  126. *Uruguay
  127. Vanuatu
  128. *Venezuela
  129. *Viet Nam
  130. *Yemen
  131. *Yugoslavia
  132. Zambia
  133. Zimbabwe

Of the founding members, Mexico and South Korea have left the organisation.

A number of these countries can't really be considered Third World anymore but remain part of the group nonetheless.

Source: G-77

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