The Deming Prize
was a prize instituted by the Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers
in the 1950s. It is awarded anually to thos individuals
showing the most improvement
in quality control
The prize itself is named after a man few Americans have ever heard of, Dr. W. Edwards Deming. He was a government statistical consultant to the post-WWII Japanese administration, and gave a series of lectures in the early 1950s that revolutionised Japanese business. He told them that "Japanese quality could be the best in the world, instead of the worst, and they could transform the phrase 'Made in Japan' from a synonym for junk into a hallmark of quality". In less than four years Deming's statement had goaded Japanese industry on, and they saw their foreign markets booming. Now, more than half-a-century later we see "Made in Japan" as this very "hallmark of quality".
See also: "Made in Taiwan", "Made in Japan".