Early to bed, and early to rise / Makes a man healthy, wealthy
Good laws spring from bad morals.
Don't cry over spilt milk,
Born in 1659:
Died in 1659:
Events of 1659:
- William Chamberlayne's heroic novel Pharonnida appears.
The play Les Précieuses ridicules (The Affected
Young Ladies) appears, giving Molière his first big success, as well as legitimacy in literary circles.
Jephtha is Dutch playwright Joost van den Vondel's greatest
In his treatise Systema Saturnium, Christiaan Huygens
proposes that the disc-shaped thing orbiting Saturn is a solid ring,
detatched from the planet.
James Howell publishes Paroimiografia. Proverbs, or,
Old Sayed Savves & Adages in English (or the Saxon Toung) Italian,
French and Spanish.
- Althanasius Kircher publishes an investigation into the cause of bubonic plague, stopping just short of proposing a germ theory of disease.
Mirza Ali produces a medical treatise, probably in India.
The Thirty Years' War had ended in 1648 for most European countries,
except for France and Spain. This year, Cardinal
Jules Mazarin, acting for Louis XIV concludes the Peace of the Pyrenees
ending France's war with Spain. France gains some territory (Artois
and Roussillon; Louis agrees to marry the daughter of Philip IV.
Olimpia Mancini, Mazarin's niece, is heartbroken.
The generals controlling England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland realize
that in their Lord Protector Richard Cromwell, the acorn has fallen
far from the tree. Engineered mostly by general
John Lambert, the Rump Parliament disbanded by Oliver Cromwell in
1653 is reinstated, Richard Cromwell is shown the door, and theoretically,
the British Isles are again under a republican Commonwealth
system. In reality, the country is in chaos; the discipline of the
New Model Army having evaporated when their pay was not forthcoming.
Aurangzeb, who had seized the Mughal throne from his father Shah Jehan, captures his brother Dara Shikoh after the Battle of Deorai. Aurangzeb has his brother, who belonged to an obscure Sufi sect, behaded for heresy. A legend states that Aurangzeb sent Shukoh's head wrapped as a present up to the cell in Delhi's Lal Quila ("Red Fort") where he had their father imprisoned. At any rate, Aurangzeb then has himself crowned
at Lal Quila, taking the title Al-amgir
Quakers become the first European settlers of Nantucket Island.
There being no Suez Canal, the East India Company's capture of St.
Helena from the Vereenigte Oostindische Compagnie gives them an
important way station on the trip around Africa.
The Dutch abandon the Swedsh-built Fort Carolusborg at Cape Coast
in Ghana to the local Fetu people.
The VOC captures the city of Palembang on Sumatra.
Slaves of Dutch settlers produce the first wine in South Africa.
Chinese priest Chin Genpin begins teaching Kempo in Japan.
Chinese astronomer Yang Guangxian takes offense at the Gregorian
Calendar and begins to lobby the Emperor to suppress Roman Catholicism
King Narai of Siam invades Burma.
1658 - 1659 - 1660
How They Were Made - 17th Century