"For man was created of the dust of the earth, but woman was made of a part of man, after that he was a living soul: yet was she not produced from Adam's foot, to be his too low inferior; nor from his head to be his superior, but from his side, near his heart, to be his equal; that where he is Lord, she may be Lady."
- Rachel Speght, A Mouzell for Melastomus
In the year AD 1617...
- Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria is elected Crown Prince of Protestant Bohemia, and launches a fierce Catholic counter-reformation that sets the stage for the outbreak of the bloody Thirty Years War the following year.
- Urged on by his favorite, Charles d'Albert, 15-year-old French king Louis XIII seizes power from his mother Marie de Medici, who had been acting as his regent, and arranges the death of her favorite, Concino Concini.
- The Ingrian War between Sweden and Russia comes to an end with the The Treaty of Stolbovo, which cedes Ingria and Kexholm to Sweden.
- In the Finspång Witch Trial, the largest witch hunt in Sweden prior to the massive Mora Witch Trial of 1669, 9 women are burnt at the stake for witchcraft.
- John Napier publishes his Rabdologiæ, describing his invention of his manual calculation device now remembered as "Napier's bones."
- English proto-feminist Rachel Speght publishes her most influential tract, A Mouzell for Melastomus ("A Muzzle for Blackmouth"), a refutation of Joseph Swetnam's misogynistic screed, The Arraignment of Lewd, Idle, Froward, and Unconstant Women and a significant early statement on women's rights and the value of womankind.
These people were born in 1617...
These people died in 1617...
- Ottoman sultan Ahmed I, of typhus, succeeded by his younger brother Mustafa I.
- Algonquian princess Pocahontas, of an unspecified illness, at 21 years of age.
- Japanese emperor Go-Yozei.
- Italian statesman Concino Concini, a favorite of French regent Marie de Medici, killed at the behest of King Louis XIII.
- Italian courtier Leonora Dori, a favorite of Marie de Medici, accused of sorcery and beheaded.
- Scottish mathematician John Napier, inventor of the logarithm and the decimal point.
- Saint Rose of Lima, the first Catholic saint to have been born in the New World.
- English soldier and author Barnabe Rich.
- English sea captain Christopher Newport, commander of the ships that brought the Jamestown colonists to Virginia and the namesake of Christopher Newport University and the town of Newport News, Virginia.
- Chinese philologist Chen Di.
- French-born English miniature painter Isaac Oliver.
1616 - 1617 - 1618
How they were made