MORE(1) System Reference Manual MORE(1)

more - file perusal filter for crt viewing

more [-dlfpcsu] [-num] [+/ pattern] [+ linenum] [file ...]

More is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This
version is especially primitve. Users should realize that less(1) pro-
vides more(1) emulation and extensive enhancements.

Command line options are described below. Options are also taken from
the environment variable MORE (make sure to precede them with a dash
(``-'')) but command line options will override them.

-num This option specifies an integer which is the screen size (in

-d more will prompt the user with the message "[Press space to contin-
ue, 'q' to quit.]" and will display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]"
instead of ringing the bell when an illegal key is pressed.

-l more usually treats ^L (form feed) as a special character, and will
pause after any line that contains a form feed. The -l option will
prevent this behavior.

-f Causes more to count logical, rather than screen lines (i.e., long
lines are not folded).

-p Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display
the text.

-c Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing
the remainder of each line as it is displayed.

-s Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.

-u Suppress underlining.

+/ The +/ option specifies a string that will be searched for before
each file is displayed.

+num Start at line number num.

Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1). Some commands may be
preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions below. In the
following descriptions, ^X means control-X.

h or ? Help: display a summary of these commands. If you forget all
the other commands, remember this one.

SPACE Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen

z Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen
size. Argument becomes new default.

RETURN Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument be-

comes new default.

d or ^D Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially
11. Argument becomes new default.


s Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.

f Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.

b or ^B Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.

' Go to place where previous search started.

= Display current line number.

/pattern Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to

n Search for kth occurrence of last r.e. Defaults to 1.

! or :!
Execute in a subshell

v Start up /usr/bin/vi at current line

^L Redraw screen

:n Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.

:p Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.

:f Display current file name and line number

. Repeat previous command

More utilizes the following environment variables, if they exist:

MORE This variable may be set with favored options to more.

SHELL Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login

TERM Specifies terminal type, used by more to get the terminal
characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.

vi(1) less(1)

Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable

The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more version
5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux communi-
ty. Documentation was produced using several other versions of the man
page, and extensive inspection of the source code.

Linux 0.98 August 17, 2001 2