Cul"ture (k?l"t?r; 135), n. [F. culture, L. cultura, fr. colere to till, cultivate; of uncertain origin. Cf. Colony.]


The act or practice of cultivating, or of preparing the earth for seed and raising crops by tillage; as, the culture of the soil.


The act of, or any labor or means employed for, training, disciplining, or refining the moral and intellectual nature of man; as, the culture of the mind.

If vain our toil
We ought to blame the culture, not the soil.


The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation; physical improvement; enlightenment and discipline acquired by mental and moral training; civilization; refinement in manners and taste.

What the Greeks expressed by their paidei`a, the Romans by their humanitas, we less happily try to express by the more artificial word culture.
J. C. Shairp.

The list of all the items of the general life of a people represents that whole which we call its culture.

Culture fluid, a fluid in which the germs of microscopic organisms are made to develop, either for purposes of study or as a means of modifying their virulence.


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Cul"ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cultured (-t?rd; 135); p. pr. & vb. n. Culturing.]

To cultivate; to educate.

They came . . . into places well inhabited and cultured.


© Webster 1913

Cul"ture (?), n.

1. (Biol.)


The cultivation of bacteria or other organisms in artificial media or under artificial conditions.


The collection of organisms resulting from such a cultivation.

⇒ The word is used adjectively with the above senses in many phrases, such as: culture medium, any one of the various mixtures of gelatin, meat extracts, etc., in which organisms cultivated; culture flask, culture oven, culture tube, gelatin culture, plate culture, etc.

2. (Cartography)

Those details of a map, collectively, which do not represent natural features of the area delineated, as names and the symbols for towns, roads, houses, bridges, meridians, and parallels.


© Webster 1913