January, month of empty pockets! Let us endure this evil month, anxious as a theatrical producer’s forehead.
-- Sidonie Gabrielle Colette

The first month of the year on Julian and Gregorian calendars, well known in America and the UK as being bleak and depressing. January has 31 days, which is quite a few too many.

January includes:

January is here, with eyes that keenly glow,
A frost-mailed warrior
striding a shadowy steed of snow.
-- Edgar Fawcett

January was originally known as Januarius mensis in Latin, 'the month of Janus'. Janus was the god of portals, and also of beginnings and endings. Originally, January was not the first month of the year in the Roman calendar; that was March. But in 153 BC King Numa Pompilius (we think it was he) added on two more months, including January, to make the calender fit the solar year better.

It is deep January. The sky is hard.
The stalks are firmly rooted in ice.
-- Wallace Stevens, No Possum, No Sop, No Taters

Birthstone: Garnet (Constancy)

Flower: Carnation or Snowdrop.

January is also: