Austrian-American filmmaker (1906-2002). Fled Germany after Hitler came to power in 1933. Knew no English when he arrived in Hollywood, but he learned the language fast (he once described his English as a combination of Arnold Schwarzeneggar and Archbishop Desmond Tutu) and broke into American films with the assistance of former roommate Peter Lorre and others.

His films include many timeless classics, including "Double Indemnity", "The Lost Weekend", "Sunset Boulevard". "The Big Carnival", "Stalag 17", "Sabrina", "The Seven Year Itch", "Witness for the Prosecution", "The Spirit of St. Louis", "Some Like It Hot", and "The Apartment". He won numerous Academy Awards as a writer, director, and producer. The last movie he directed was 1981's "Buddy Buddy", though he considered directing "Schindler's List" and turned down a role in "Jerry MacGuire".

He died of pneumonia on March 27, 2002, at his home in Beverly Hills, California.